8. References

8. References

Armitage-Chan, E. (2020) Best practice in supporting professional identity formation: Use of a professional reasoning framework. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 47 (2), pp. 125-136

Armitage-Chan, E. and May, S. (2019). The veterinary identity: A time and context model. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 46 (2),  pp. 153-162

Bergus, G. et al. (2004) Appraising and applying evidence about a diagnostic test during a performance-based assessment. BMC Medical Education, 4:20. Available from:  

Brennan, M.L.  et al. (2020) Critically appraised topics (CATs) in veterinary medicine: Applying evidence in clinical practice. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 7:314. Available from: [Accessed 16 November 2020]

What is evidence-based veterinary medicine? [Centre for Evidence-based Veterinary Medicine (CEVM)] [online] Available from:  

Del Mar, C., Doust, J. and Glasziou, P. (2008) Clinical Thinking: Evidence, Communication and Decision-making. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing

Fraccaro, E. et al. (2013) A study to compare circulating flunixin, meloxicam and gabapentin concentrations with prostaglandin E2 levels in calves undergoing dehorning. Research in Veterinary Science, 95 (1), pp. 204-211. Available from:  [Accessed 16 November 2020]

Haley, M. et al. (2012) Implementing evidence in practice: do action lists work? Education for Primary Care, 23 (2), pp. 107-114

Heinrich, A. et al. (2010) The effect of meloxicam on behaviour and pain sensitivity of dairy calves following cautery dehorning with a local anaesthetic. Journal of Dairy Science, 93 (6), pp. 2450-2457. Available from: [Accessed 14 October 2020]

Hewitt-Taylor, J. (2004) Clinical guidelines and care protocols. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 20 (1), pp. 45-52

Holmes, M. and Cockcroft, P. (2004) Evidence-based veterinary medicine 1. Why is it important and what skills are needed? In Practice, 26 (1), pp. 28-33

Johns I.C. and Sweeney, R.W. (2008) Coagulation abnormalities and complications after percutaneous liver biopsy in horses. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 22 (1), pp. 185-189

Kiefe, C. I. et al. (2001) Improving quality improvement using achievable benchmarks for physician feedback: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285 (22), pp. 2871-2879

Legare, F. (2009) Assessing barriers and facilitators to knowledge use. In: Graham, I., Straus, S. and Tetroe, J. Knowledge Translation in Health Care: Moving from Evidence to Practice. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell

Mullan, S. and Fawcett, A. (2017) Veterinary Ethics: Navigating Tough Cases. Sheffield, UK: 5M Publishing

Sackett, D. L. and Straus, S. E. (1996) Finding and applying evidence during clinical rounds: the ‘evidence cart’. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280 (15), pp. 1336-1338

Scott, I. A. and Glasziou, P. P. (2012) Improving effectiveness of clinical medicine: the need for better transition of science into practice. Medical Journal of Australia, 197 (7), pp. 374-378